Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a cancer that develops in the lymph system, part of the body’s immune system. The lymph system is made up of the following:
Because lymph tissue is found throughout the body, Hodgkin’s lymphoma can begin in almost any part of the body and spread to almost any tissue or organ in the body.
Lymphomas are divided into two general types: Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. This summary is about Hodgkin’s lymphoma during pregnancy. Refer to the following PDQ summaries for more information:
Hodgkin's lymphoma in pregnant women is the same as the disease in nonpregnant women of childbearing age. However, treatment is different for pregnant women.
Risk factors for Hodgkin's lymphoma include the following:
Pregnancy is not a risk factor for Hodgkin's lymphoma.
These and other symptoms may be caused by Hodgkin's lymphoma. Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems do not go away:
The following tests and procedures may be used:
The prognosis (chance of recovery) depends on the stage of the cancer (the number of lymph node groups affected and the number of places outside of the lymph nodes to which the cancer has spread). Most pregnant patients with newly diagnosed Hodgkin’s lymphoma can be cured.
Treatment options depend on the following:
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